Studies have shown that mindfulness programs or courses reduce stress, depression, and fear to promote better mental wellbeing. However, studies have also concluded that the therapy may not be effective across all settings. A plethora of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was conducted globally to test whether in-person mindfulness training can enhance mental health and wellbeing. It must be noted that such studies were supported by varying results.
A study was conducted with 11,605 total participants and in 136 trials, 77% were women within the age bracket of 18 to 73 years. According to the results, in 8 trials with no intervention, MBPs could not improve average anxiety, distress, and well–being. Upon comparison with nonspecific active control conditions, MBPs were reported ineffective in 6 trials, showing no significant improvement of anxiety, distress, or wellbeing. The study also states that in more than 5% of trial settings, MBPs may not have reduced anxiety and depression. Thus, the diversity between studies does not support the generalization of MBP effects across every setting.
To know more, you may refer to:
Mindfulness-based programs for mental health promotion in adults in non-clinical settings: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. PLOS Medicine, 2021 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1003481